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LMP2A in T cells Print E-mail
Written by Ingham, RJ   
Friday, 07 October 2005

The Epstein-Barr virus protein, latent membrane protein 2A, co-opts tyrosine kinases used by the T cell receptor.

Ingham RJ, Raaijmakers J, Lim CS, Mbamalu G, Gish G, Chen F, Matskova L, Ernberg I, Winberg G, Pawson T

J Biol Chem. 2005 Oct 7;280(40):34133-42.

PMID: 16087662


 Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is the causative agent of infectious mononucleosis and is associated with several human malignancies. The EBV protein latent membrane protein 2A (LMP2A) promotes viral latency in memory B cells by interfering with B cell receptor signaling and provides a survival signal for mature B cells that have lost expression of surface immunoglobulin. The latter function has suggested that LMP2A may enhance the survival of EBV-positive tumors. EBV is associated with several T cell malignancies and, since LMP2A has been detected in several of these disorders, we examined the ability of LMP2A to transmit signals and interfere with T cell receptor signaling in T cells. We show that LMP2A is tyrosine-phosphorylated in Jurkat TAg T cells, which requires expression of the Src family tyrosine kinases, Lck and Fyn. Lck and Fyn are recruited to the tyrosine-phosphorylated Tyr112 site in LMP2A, whereas phosphorylation of an ITAM motif in LMP2A creates a binding site for the ZAP-70/Syk tyrosine kinases. LMP2A also associates through its two PPPPY motifs with AIP4, a NEDD4 family E3 ubiquitin ligase; this interaction results in ubiquitylation of LMP2A and serves to regulate the stability of LMP2A and LMP2A-kinase complexes. Furthermore, stable expression of LMP2A in Jurkat T cells down-regulated T cell receptor levels and attenuated T cell receptor signaling. Thus, through recruiting tyrosine kinases involved in T cell receptor activation, LMP2A may provide a survival signal for EBV-positive T cell tumors, whereas LMP2A-associated NEDD4 E3 ligases probably titer the strength of this signal.

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